Now that you are familiar with some types of scientific work, you are ready to start producing them.
However, although it seems like a simple task, we know that not always putting all the ideas on paper, in an organized and succinct way, is an easy activity.
And getting started often seems to be the worst part.
But know that there are some techniques that can help those who find it difficult to start writing the text of abstracts, articles or monographs.
Or so that the text of your academic work flows clearly and without gagging.
Here are 6 key tips to help put and organize your ideas on paper. Get to work!
1. Get Organized!
To get everything clear on paper, the first step is to maintain discipline and organization!
At these times, it is great that you have an organized study environment to conduct your research.
Ideally it should be a quiet place, so you develop all the concentration you need to write your work.
An organized environment directly influences how your knowledge and ideas will be put on paper.
Some practices can facilitate the organization of the environment and also of ideas. How about trying:
Make lists of ideas and subjects that you want to address;
Use post-its and place them in strategic locations of the study environment. Thus, you will always see them and, little by little, resolve the pending issues of the work.
2. Do a lot of research
Nowadays, access to information has become much easier.
But “copying and pasting” information without attributing it to the source is a regrettable practice in the academic setting.
In fact, such a practice is considered to be plagiarism and is considered a crime against “intellectual property”.
So if you feel lost and do not know where to start your text, search for trusted sites, articles, or books that are reputable.
A good tip is to start by looking at the “References” section of scientific articles.
From them, you can find good research materials to support your text.
And do not forget: reading a lot is paramount to developing an improved writing.
3. Structure your text!
Do you already have the topic of scientific work, the right place / environment to write it, and the right information to support your research? It’s time to put your hand in the dough!
Now the order is to prioritize your ideas by putting them on paper. Always use familiar words and avoid, as far as possible, being generic.
Here are some guidelines to guide the productivity of your text:
Replace indirect order by direct order;
Choose the specific to the general;
Remove unnecessary words and phrases;
Exemplify whenever possible;
Write short sentences, but without losing cohesion;
Avoid using abbreviations.
4. Communicate clearly!
Less is more: each paragraph must be clear and objective.
Communicating clearly and at the same time bringing complete information to your reader is essential.
For this, check out this summary of how to organize your paragraphs clearly and coherently.
The sum of the paragraphs composes a natural and fluent text.
The default paragraph:
In relation to the organization of the paragraph, avoid too long periods.
No one is going to suggest, for example, shortening the periods of established writers.
However, with regard to works of non-fiction and academic works, it is suggested to avoid immense periods, since there is a great chance that the text will be tiring and indecipherable.
The paragraph should consist of:
Introduction: period (or periods) that succinctly expresses the core idea of the paragraph, called the phrasal topic.
Development: explanation of the core idea, of the phrasal topic.
Conclusion: It is not always used, but usually appears in short paragraphs or whose ideas are simple.
The qualities that a paragraph should have are:
Unit: The main idea in the paragraph. It is important to try to address a single theme per paragraph, always remembering to take what you do not consider important or essential.
Consistency: Always put ideas in the order appropriate to the purpose of communicating the message, interconnecting them appropriately. Make proper “stitching” between ideas.
Emphasis: to give relevance to ideas, always think of the order of placement of words in the sentence, as this is one of the most effective processes to highlight what you want.
always use the topic explicit phrasal;
avoid redundancies and details irrelevant to the topic;
avoid short sentences;
put in different paragraphs equally relevant ideas, relating them to the appropriate terms;
do not fragment the same core idea into several paragraphs.
5. Establish credibility!
After structuring the outline or beginning of your work, always think about your positioning before the reader. For this:
position yourself well within the text (be clear)
show the reader that you care to help him
do not forget to be empathetic always!
6. Get help if you need to!
Dictionaries are much more than a compilation of words!
They are great tools that can help our day to day.
Current brokers will also give that little bit to a correct text orthographically.
Do not forget that your friends and family can be great allies and consultants.
Your advisor and professional reviewers will be able to assist you in case you are having difficulties at any stage of the writing process or simply want a more thorough review.
This article was written in partnership with Sheila Ladeira, owner of Empresa Infoguelt and reviser of texts for 12 years.